5 June 2018

A Family Time Line

950

World Event

  • The village of Ladbergen (spelled Lacbergeon) in northwest Germany was mentioned in the records of Freckenhorst Convent, east of Münster.

1618 — 1648

World Event

  • The Thirty Years' War laid waste to large areas of Germany. There was general impoverishment, famine, and disease. Population in the area dropped from about 17 million to 8 million people (as high as 75% of the population in some areas).

1640 — 1688

World Event

  • Rise of Brandenburg-Prussia under the Great Elector, Friederich Wilhelm.

1642

World Event

  • The settlement that is now Montréal, Québec, Canada was founded.

1648

World Event

  • The Peace of Westphalia was signed at Münster & Osnabrück in what is now northwestern Germany.

1655

World Event

  • Between July and October, the Great Plaque of London took the lives of more than 68,000.

1667 — 1668

Family Event

  • Henrich Fiegenbaum was born about this time at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • War of Devolution - France battled Spain, the Dutch Republic, England and Sweden in the Spanish Netherlands, the Franche-Comté, and northern Catalonia. A treaty was signed at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen). The bickering reared it ugly head again in the Franco-Dutch War.
  • In 1668, the Oder-Spree Canal was completed. Construction had begun in 1661.
  • Dietrich Buxtehude became the organist of St. Marienkirke, at Lübeck.

1670

World Event

  • The Hudson's Bay Company received a royal charter to exclusive trade in all of North America draining into the Hudson Bay.
  • The English settlement of Charles Town was established in the "New World." It is now know as Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

1673

World Event

  • Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet reached the headwaters of the Mississippi River and descended to what is now Arkansas.

1678

Family Event

  • Gerdt Fiegenbaum born about this time at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • The Treaties of Nijmegen ended the Franco-Dutch War (1672-1678).
  • Robert de La Salle was invovled in exploring the Great Lakes in North America.

1682

World Event

  • A weaving mill with 100 looms was established in Amsterdam.
  • In North America, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687), reached the mouth of the Mississippi River & claimed the basin as La Louisiane for France.

1688 — 1689

World Event

  • Louis XIV (France) waged war in the Palatinate; Baden-Baden was burnt; Heidelberg Castle was destroyed.
  • Frederick William, the "Great Elector," died in 1688. He was succeeded by his son, Frederick III.
  • Baron de La Hontan reached the Great Salt Lake in Utah, USA in 1689.

1701

World Event

  • War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714).
  • Frederick III, Margrave and Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia crowned himself Frederick I, the first King in Prussia (1701-1713).
  • Antoine Laumet de la Mothe Cadillac (1656-1730) founded the settlement that became Detroit, Michigan, USA.
  • In England, the Act of Settlement provided for royal succession of the House of Hannover.

1707

Family Event

  • Gerdt Fiegenbaum & Gertrude Bremer married in Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Grafschaft Tecklenburg (English: County Tecklenburg) was sold to Frederick III, Elector-Margrave of Brandenburg & Frederick I, King in Prussia. The village of Ladbergen, home of the Fiegenbaum family, was still located politically in Grafschaft Tecklenburg, but the administration of the territory took on a new order and discipline. The inhabitants of Ladbergen took notice, often reluctantly and sometimes with discomfort. The sale of the County also marked the beginning of local church records.
  • England and Scotland were united under the name of Great Britain.

1709

World Event

  • 14,000 inhabitants of the Palatinate emigrated to North America.

1714

World Event

  • Upon the death of his mother, George Louis (1660-1727), Elector of Hanover, became King George I (until 1727), of Great Britain.
  • D. G. Fahrenheit constucted a mercury thermometer.

1715

Family Event

  • The earliest mention of the Fiegenbaums in the archives of the evangelical church at Ladbergen recorded that "die alte Fiegenbaum" died in 1715. This woman's maiden name & date of birth were not mentioned. The fact that she was identified simply as "old lady Fiegenbaum" seems to imply that there was no one else in the village who could answer to such a description.

World Event

  • In North America, an iron plant was built near Fredericksburg, Virginia & the town of Germanna was established for workers, most of whom were German.
  • Prussia declared war on Sweden.

1716

Family Event

  • Gerdt Fiegenbaum & Christine Meckstroth married on 3 April at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Holy Roman Empire declared war on Turkey.

1727

World Event

  • In Great Britain, George I was succeeded by his son, George II (until 1760).
  • In Brazil, coffee was established as a new crop.

1731

Family Event

  • Johann J. Fiegenbaum & Anna Diemeiers married on 5 October in Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Treaty of Vienna was accepted by England, Holland, Spain, and the Holy Roman Emperor.
  • English factory workers were forbidden to emigrate to American colonies.
  • Benjamin Franklin established a circulating library at Philadelphia, USA.

1732

Family Event

  • Johann Jacob Fiegenbaum & Christine Schowe married on 26 September in Grafschaft Tecklenburg

World Event

  • James Ogelthorpe was granted a charter for a colony in Georgia; he founded Savannah in 1733.
  • New York City built a bowling green for ninepins (the sport reached a peak of popularity in 1840).

1733

World Event

  • Flying shuttle was patented, allowing for the weaving of wider cloth and the automation of looms.

1740 — 48

World Event

  • War of Austrian Succession.

1743

Family Event

  • Anna Katharina Fiegenbaum & Johann Kötters married on 17 February in Grafschaft Tecklenburg.
  • Anna Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Herman Wiethoff married on 28 February in Grafschaft Tecklenburg. Herman adopted the Fiegenbaum surname.

World Event

  • French explorers reached the Rocky Mountains. Native Americans wondered why the Intruders were making such a fuss.
  • Treaty of Worms was signed in September.
  • Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd U.S. President, was born on 13 April (died in 1826).
  • François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture was born on 20 May (died 7 April 1803). He was a prominent leader of the Haitian Revoloution.

1744/1745

Family Event

  • Tonies Manuel Fiegenbaum & Enneke Kutemeier married on 17 February 1744 or 1745 at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • 1744: The oldest surviving rules of golf were compiled at Leith, Scotland for the Company of Gentlemen Golfers. Weekends have never been the same.
  • 1745: Frederick the Great won the Battle of Hohenfriedberg against the Austrian army.

1756 — 1763

Family Event

  • 3 Fiegenbaums died within the span of 2 months in 1758 at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Seven Years' War - disease & famine were widespread in Westphalia, Prussia. The North American component of the conflict was called the French & Indian War (1754-1763).
  • Dorothea Christiane (Leporin) Erxleben (1715-1762) was first woman to practice medicine in Germany. She receive her medical degree from the University of Halle in 1754. She was an advocate for the right of women to attend university.
  • In 1760, King George II (from 1727) of Great Britain was succeeded by his grandson, George III (until 1820). He misplaced the colonies in North America.

1763

Family Event

  • Johann Hermann Fiegenbaum & Catharina Elisabeth Grotholtmann married on 14 August at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Treaty of Paris marked the end of the Seven Years' War in Europe & the French & Indian War in North America.
  • Frederick the Great established village schools in Prussia.

1764

World Event

  • The spinning jenny was invented in England.
  • The settlement was established that would become known as the city of St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
  • James Smithson was born (died 27 June 1929) - his bequest funded the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, D.C., USA.

1765

Family Event

  • Christina Lisabeth Fiegenbaum & Jürgen Heinrich Fennemann married on 20 October in Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act. American colonies protested.
  • The potato became a popular crop in Europe.
  • The Bank of Prussia was founded.

1768

Family Event

  • Anna Elsabein Fiegenbaum & Johann Christian Suhrhenrich married on 9 March in Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • J. C. Bach performed the first public piano solo heard in England
  • Citizens of Boston, Massachusetts refused to quarter British troops.

1769

Family Event

  • Anna Catharina Liesabeth Fiegenbaum & Conrad Heinrich Elshove married on 3 September at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Louis Antoine de Bougainville completed a 3-year circumnavigation of the world. A member of the expedition was Jeanne Baré, the first woman known to have completed a circumnavigation.

1770

Family Event

  • Hermann Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Anna Elsabein Grotholtmann married on 5 August at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • A brawl between American colonialists and British soldiers became known as the Boston Massacre. The tax on tea was not repealed.
  • James Cook mapped New Zealand.
  • Marie Antoinette, daughter of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, married the Dauphin of France, to become Louis XVI in 1774.

1773

World Event

  • Captain James Cook was the first European explorer to cross the Antarctic Circle.
  • The Boston Tea Party was the highlight of the social season. The British were not invited.

1774

World Event

  • In colonial America, the Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. All the colonies except Georgia were represented.
  • Ann Lee and eight fellow members of the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing (the Shakers) emigrated from Liverpool, England to colonial America.
  • John Chapman (a.k.a Johnny Appleseed) was born 26 September 1774
  • Austrian physician F. A. Mesmer (1733-1815) used hypnosis for health care.

1775

World Event

  • 19 April 1775: the Battles of Lexington and Concord are fought in the American Revolution.
  • Great Britain hired 29,000 German soldiers for the war in North America.

1785

Family Event

  • Hermann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Christine Katharina Horstmeier married on 20 November at Lienen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Invention of steam-powered loom; & chlorine bleach.
  • Frederick II created the Fürstenbund (League of German Princes).
  • Regular stagecoach routes were established in USA between New York, Boston & Philadelphia.

1790

World Event

  • 1st U.S. census was conducted officially on 2 August. The population of 13 states was 3,929,214. The population of major cities: New York = 33,131; Philadelphia = 28,522; Boston = 18,320.
  • The District of Columbia was established as the capital district of the United States.
  • Benjamin Franklin died on 17 April at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • Naturalization Act of 1790 limited U.S. citizenship to free white persons of good character who have been residents of the USA for two years.
  • George Vancouver (1758-1798) explored the northwest coast of North America.

1792

World Event

  • U.S. Post Office Department was established on 20 February.

1793

Family Event

  • Johann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Catharine Elisabeth Nüssemeier married on 5 June at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI were executed during the French Revolution.
  • The U.S. Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793. Reinforcing the Fugitive Slave Clause of the U.S. Constitution , the law guaranteed a slaveholder the right to recover an escaped slave.
  • Alexander McKenzie (1764-1820) completed the first recorded transcontinental crossing of North America north of Mexico. If he had waited about 75 years, he could have taken the train, but he might have lost some luggage.

1794

World Event

  • In October, U.S. federal troops ended the "Whiskey Rebellion" after distillers in the Appalachian region resisted paying a tax on distilled spirits.
  • On 14 March, Eli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gin, which cleaned seeds from cotton. The cotton industry was revived.

1795

Family Event

  • Anna Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Johann Wilhelm Heinrich Weitkamp married in 1795 at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill opened - the first state university in the U.S.A.
  • France adopted the metric system.

1797

Family Event

  • Johann Hermann Fiegenbaum & Anna Christina Kruse married on 27 January at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • John Adams was inaugurated as U.S. President.
  • Charles Newbold patented the first U.S. iron plow. Many observers believed iron would poison the soil & increase weeds.

1799

World Event

  • George Washington died at Mount Vernon, Virginia, on 14 December.

1800

World Event

  • 2nd U.S. census was conducted officially on 4 August. The population of 16 states was 5,308,483 (a 35.1% increase since 1790). The population of major cities: New York City = 60,515; Philadelphia = 41,220; Baltimore = 26,514; Boston = 24,937.
  • The U.S. Library of Congress was founded on 24 April.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Italy.

1802

Family Event

  • Anna Christine Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Wilhelm Heinrich Feldwisch married on 21 May at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • Napoleon Bonaparte established the French Légion d'honneur (Legion of Honour).
  • Victor Hugo was born.
  • Martha Washington died (born in 1731).

1804

Family Event

  • Mathias Gerber & Barbara Voos (?) married on 12 March in Germany.

World Event

  • Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of the French.
  • Beethoven composed the Eroica Symphony.
  • Lewis & Clark begin their expedition to map the northwest U.S. on 14 May.
  • Alexander Hamilton died on 11 July after a duel with Aaron Burr.

1806

Family Event

  • Johann Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Anna Christina Elsabein Deerhake were married on 27 May at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.
  • Everd Jacob Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Christine Elisabeth Deerhake were married on 27 May at Ladbergen, Grafschaft Tecklenburg.

World Event

  • On 12 July, on signing the Treaty of the Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbundakte ), 16 states in present-day Germany formally left the Holy Roman Empire and joined together in the Confederation of the Rhine, a largely military alliance. The Confederation was a satellite of the French Empire, with Napoleon as its "protector."
  • On 6 August, following an ultimatum by Napoleon, the last Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, abdicated and declared the Holy Roman Empire dissolved.
  • Prussia was defeated at Jena & Auerstedt.
  • Noah Webster (1758-1843) published his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language.

1807

World Event

  • After the Treaties of Tilsit, the Kingdom of Prussia ceded all possessions west of the Elbe River to France.
  • The Kingdom of Westphalia (1807-1813), in northwestern Germany, was established under Napoleon's brother, Jérôme Bonaparte.

1808/09 — 1810

World Event

  • In 1808, the Grand Duchy of Berg, in northwestern Germany, came under the rule of Napoleon "in personal union" and was a client state of the First French Empire. Grafschaft Tecklenburg was absorbed into the Grand Duchy and the village of Ladbergen was officially a commune in Canton Lengerich, Arrondissement Münster, département Ems; Grand-duché de Berg (German: Gemeinde Ladbergen, Kanton Lengerich; Distrikt Münster; Departement Ems; Großherzogtum Berg ). See a map of the Grand Duchy of Berg, 1808-1810.

1810

Family Event

  • Johann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Catherina Elsabein Hagen married on 13 July 1810 at Ladbergen, Grand Duchy of Berg.

World Event

  • 3rd U.S. census was conducted officially on 6 August. The population of 17 states was 7,239,881 (a 36.4% increase since 1800). The population of major cities: New York = 96,373; Philadelphia = 53,722; Baltimore = 46,555; Boston = 33,787.
  • Large parts of northwest Germany were incorporated directly into the First French Empire.
  • Krupps iron works opened in Essen.
  • John Jacob Astor founded the Pacific Fur Company on 23 June. He gathered a fantastic fortune.

1811 — 1813

World Event

  • Ladbergen was part of the First French Empire in Arrondissement (Distrikt ) Osnabrück in the Département de l’Ems-Supérieur (Departement der Ober-Ems ).

1812

World Event

  • Napoleon's Grande Armée was defeated in Russia.
  • War of 1812 began in North America.
  • Louisiana was admitted as the 18th U.S. state.
  • A magnitude 8.3 earthquake struck on 2 February near New Madrid, Missouri, USA, temporarily reversing the course of the Mississippi River.
  • Sacagawea, a Shoshone interpreter & guide to the Lewis & Clark Expedition, died.
  • Charles Dickens was born.

1813

World Event

  • Napoleon's troops were defeated in the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig on 16-19 October. It was the largest battle in Europe prior to World War I; an estimated 80,000 to 110,000 were killed or wounded.
  • U.S. military forces captured York (now Toronto, Ontario); British troops captured Fort Niagara & burnt Buffalo, New York.

1814

World Event

  • Paris was captured in March by Coalition forces. Napoleon abdicated & was exiled to island of Elba. Louis XVIII was restored to the throne of France.
  • The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) was elevated to the Kingdom of Hanover in October by the Congress of Vienna.
  • British forces burnt the White House & other government buildings in Washington, D.C. on 24 August. Francis S. Key wrote the lyrics to what later was adopted as the U.S. national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner, while watching the British bombardment on 13-14 September of Fort McHenry in the harbor of Baltimore, Maryland.

1815

World Event

  • Emperor Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • Deutscher Bund (German Confederation ) (1815-1866) was created.
  • The City of Münster became capital of the new Province of Westphalia (Provinz Westfalen ), Kingdom of Prussia.
  • Ladbergen, part of the First French Empire, was returned to the Kingdom of Prussia.

1817

Family Event

  • Everd Jacob Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Anna Elisabeth Christine Schröer married in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • From 10 August 1816 to 30 December 1831, Ladbergen was a village located in Kreis Münster, Regierungsbezirk Münster, Provinz Westfalen, Königreich Prueßen.
  • Construction of the Erie Canal began at Rome, New York. It was completed in 1825.
  • The first Seminole War began in Florida.
  • Henry David Thoreau was born (died in 1862).

1818

Family Event

  • Johann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Elisabeth Lagemann married about 1818 at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • The U.S. Congress officially adopted the thirteen stars & stripes configuration of the national flag on 4 April.
  • Illinois became the 21st state in the USA.
  • Peter Durand received a US patent for preserving food (first patented in 1810 in Britain). His preferred container was the tin can. The country needed something to kick down the road.
  • John Ross led an expedition to the Arctic to discover the Northwest Passage.

1820

Family Event

  • Adolph Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Christine Elisabeth Peterjohann married on 25 October at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated in 1834 to the USA.

World Event

  • 4th U.S. census was conducted officially on 7 August. The population of 23 states was 9,638,453 (an increase of 33.1% since 1810). The population of major cities: New York = 123,706; Philadelphia = 63,802; Baltimore = 62,738; Boston = 43,298.
  • In the Missouri Compromise, Maine was admitted to the U.S. as free state, while Missouri was to be admitted in 1821 as a slave state.
  • Germany's population was 26 million.

1822

World Event

  • Brazil gained independence from Portugal with the creation of the Empire of Brazil / Império do Brasil (7 September 1822 - 15 November 1889).
  • Cotton mills in Massachusetts begin producing cloth with water-powered machinery.
  • In Johnson vs. M'Intosh, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that only the U.S. government had the right to decide the disposition of Native American land.

1824

Family Event

  • Anna Katharina Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Wilhelm Heinrich Schröer married on 17 October at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • Beginning of German emigration to Brazil.
  • Joseph Aspdin (1779-1855), an English cement manufacturer, received a British patent for the production of Portland cement.
  • When none of the four candidates won the national election, the U.S. House of Representatives selected John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) as the country's 6th president (1825-1829).

1825

Family Event

  • Anna Christine Fiegenbaum & Hermann Heinrich Feldwisch married on 30 January in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • U.S. Congress adopted a policy of removal of Native American tribes from the east to territory west of the Mississippi River.
  • Britsh workers were allowed to organize labor unions.

1826

Family Event

  • Anna Catherine Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Hermann Wilhelm Wiethoff married on 9 January in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • Janissaries were massacred in Constantinople.
  • The first railroad tunnel in England was built.

1828

Family Event

  • Hermann Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Anna Sophia Elsabein Wibbeler married on 21 September at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • Russo–Turkish War of 1828–1829 began.
  • U.S. slave Isabella Baumfree (c.1797-1883) escaped slavery in New York. She became known as Sojourner Truth & in 1843 she joined the Northampton Association of Education & Industry at Northampton, Massachusetts.

1829

Family Event

  • Anna Catherine Elisabeth (Fiegenbaum) Feldwisch & Johann Wilhelm Wierwille married on 22 May in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • King's College London was founded.
  • Andrew Jackson was inaugurated as the 7th U.S. president on 4 March
  • Goyahkla (a.k.a. "Geronimo"), leader of the Chiricahua Apache, was born on 16 June (died on 17 February 1909).

1830

Family Event

  • Hermann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Christine Elsabein Vennehermann married on 24 October in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • 5th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 June. The population of 24 states was 12,860,702 (a 33.5% increase over 1820). The population of major cities: New York = 202,589; Baltimore = 80,620; Philadelphia = 80,462; Boston = 61,392.
  • U.S. poet Emily Dickinson was born on 10 December at Amherst, Massachusetts.

1832

Family Event

  • Johann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Christina Hagen married on 6 January at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.
  • Johann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Christine Elisabeth Stork married on 17 February in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.
  • Anna Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Aufderhaar married on 27 July at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated to the USA in 1841.

World Event

  • From 1 January 1832 to 1918, the village of Ladbergen was administratively part of Kreis Tecklenburg, Regierungsbezirk Münster, Provinz Westfalen, Königreich Prueßen.
  • Black Hawk War in Illinois & Michigan Territory.
  • Cholera broke out in the City of New York & spread through the country, reaching the Pacific coast by 1834; thousands died.

1833

Family Event

  • Anna Christina Elsabein (Fiegenbaum) & Hermann Heinrich Schröer married on 15 May at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated to the USA in 1836.

World Event

  • The Deutsche Evangelische Kirchegemeinde, the oldest evangelical church west of the Mississippi River, was founded at Femme Osage, St. Charles County, Missouri, USA (known since 1957 as Femme Osage United Church of Christ ).
  • The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • Oberlin College was founded in Ohio. It was the first coeducational college in the USA.

1834

Family Event

  • Adolph Heinrich & Christine Elisabeth (Peterjohann) Fiegenbaum & their 5 children immigrated to the USA. They landed at New Orleans, Louisiana in late June & arrived at St. Louis, Missouri about 4 July.

World Event

  • German Zollverein began.
  • Slavery Abolition Act 1833 abolished slavery in most, but not all, of the British Empire.
  • Cyrus H. McCormick received a U.S. patent for the reaper he invented in 1831.

1836

Family Event

  • Anna Christina Elsabein (Fiegenbaum) & Hermann Heinrich Schröer immigrated to the USA. They settled first at Cincinnati, Ohio before finally settling in Auglaize County, Ohio.

World Event

  • Mary Lyons founded Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary (later Mt. Holyoke College) at South Hadley, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Battle of the Alamo was fought 23 February - 6 March at San Antonio, Texas, USA.
  • First & Second McGuffey's Readers were published in USA.

1839

Family Event

  • Anna Christine Elsabein Fiegenbaum & Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Bierbaum married on 13 December in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated to the USA in 1841.

World Event

  • Prussia restricted child labor to a maximum of 10 hours a day.
  • Charles Goodyear discovered a process for vulcanized rubber; he received a U.S. patent in 1844.
  • German Lutheran Church on Charrette founded on 27 February at Holstein, Missouri, USA. The congregation changed its name in February 1848.

1840

World Event

  • 6th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 June. The population of 26 states was 17,063,353 (a 32.7% increase since 1830). The population of major cities: New York = 312,710; Baltimore = 102,313; New Orleans = 102,193; Philadelphia = 93,665.
  • Der Deutsche Evangelische Kirchenverein des Westens (The German Evangelical Church Society of the West ) was founded on 15 October 1840 at Gravois Settlement, Missouri, USA.

1841

Family Event

  • Anna Christine Fiegenbaum & Ernst Wilhelm Langebrake married on 25 March at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.
  • Johann Heinrich & Catherina Elsabein (Hagen) Fiegenbaum & their two youngest children; daughter Anna Elisabeth & Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Aufderhaar & 3 children; daughter Anna Christine Elsabein & Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Bierbaum & 1 child immigrated to the USA. The bark Leontine arrived at Baltimore, Maryland on 28 June. The families settled in eastern Missouri.

World Event

  • British forces occupied Hong Kong on 20 January during the First Opium War.
  • U.S. Congress passed the Preemption Act of 1841, permitting most squatters who had lived on government land for at least 14 months to purchase up to 160 acres at a very low price (not less than $1.25 per acre) before the land was offered for sale to the public.

1842

Family Event

  • Christina Elisabeth Fiegenbaum & Heinrich Stephen Borgmann married on 24 February in St. Charles County, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Fire destroyed about a quarter of the inner city of Hamburg, Germany, on 4-8 May.
  • In March, with Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled that labor unions were legal organizations & had the right to organize a strike.
  • In March, Dr. Crawford Williamson Long was the first physician to use ether as anesthesia for surgery.
  • The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 9 August formalized the border separating the United States & Canada.

1843

Family Event

  • Heinrich Adolph Fiegenbaum (born in 1814) immigrated to the USA.

World Event

  • Victoria, British Columbia, was founded in March by the Hudson's Bay Company as a trading post & fort.
  • The Tivoli Gardens opened in August at Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens, was published in December.
  • Samuel Morse received $30,000 from the U.S. Congress to build an experimental telegraph line between Baltimore, Maryland & Washington, D.C. On 24 March 1844 he sent the first message: "What hath God wrought"

1844

Family Event

  • Christine Maria Fiegenbaum & Hermann Heinrich Wilhelm Hünefeld married on 19 July at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated in 1845 to the USA.

World Event

  • Friedrich Engels' The Condition of the Working Classs in England was published in Leipzig, Germany.
  • In England, the Factory Act, forbad children under the age of 13 from working more than 6½ hours per day.

1845

Family Event

  • Anna Catherine Elisabeth (Fiegenbaum) & Hermann Wilhelm Wiethoff & their three sons immigrated to New Knoxville, Auglaize County, Ohio. They travelled with the family of Anna's 4th cousin, Christine Maria (Fiegenbaum) & Hermann Heinrich Wilhelm Hünefeld & their baby daughter.

World Event

  • The failure of the potato crop in Ireland sets off the Great Famine.
  • John Franklin led an expedition to discover the Northwest Passage across the Arctic.
  • The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass was published.

1847

Family Event

  • Heinrich Hermann Fiegenbaum & Clara Catherine Kastenbudt married on 11 April at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
  • Christina Elizabeth Fiegenbaum & Henry Frank Wellemeyer married on 22 August at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Hamburg Amerikanische Packetfahrt Actien Gesellschaft (Hamburg-America Line) was founded.
  • First U.S. postage stamps were issued in July.
  • U.S. forces under General Winfield Scott entered Mexico City on 14 September during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

1848

Family Event

  • Gerhard Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Anna Charlotte Dothagen married on 4 December in the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • Revolutions of 1848 in the states of the German Confederation; afterwards, many citizens, called Forty-Eighters, immigrated to the USA.
  • The church at Holstein, Missouri, USA changed its name in February to Die Deutsche Evangelische Kirche am Charette in Holstein (German Evangelical Church on Charrette). The name was changed again on 30 December 1883.
  • Seneca Falls Convention at Seneca Falls, New York advocated for women's rights.
  • Gold was discovered on 24 January near Sutter's Fort, California.

1849

Family Event

  • Hermann Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Sophia Gusewelle married on 1 October (or 27 September) at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • St. Louis Fire on 17 May burned for 11 hours & destroyed a large part of city & many steamboats. The city was also in the midst of a cholera epidemic.
  • California Gold Rush began.
  • "Resistance to Civil Government" by Henry David Thoreau was published. It was later known as "Civil Disobedience."

1850

Family Event

  • Maria Wilhelmine Fiegenbaum & Wilhelm Winter married on 18 February at Warrenton, Missouri, USA.
  • Christine Elizabeth Fiegenbaum & Johann Heinrich Haverkamp married on 2 April at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • 7th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 June. The population of 30 states was 23,191,876 (a 35.9% increase over 1840). The population of major cities: New York = 515,547; Baltimore = 169,054; Boston = 136,181; Philadelphia = 121,376.
  • Das Deutsche Evangelische Predigerseminar (German Evangelical Preachers Seminary) opened near Marthasville, Missouri, USA. This educational instituion of the German Evangelical Church became the present-day Eden Theological Seminary, at Webster Groves, Missouri.
  • The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 became law in the USA, requiring that escaped slaves, upon capture, must be returned to their masters. Officials and residents of free states were required to uphold the law.

1852

Family Event

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Louisa Otto married on 11 April at Wapello, Iowa, USA.

World Event

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin, by Harriet Beecher Stowe, was published.
  • Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company got started in February at South Bend, Indiana, USA.

1853

Family Event

  • Hermann Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Wilhelmine Florentine Charlotte Wehrmann married on 18 February in Warren County, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Vincent van Gogh was born (died in 1890).
  • With the Gadsden Purchase in December, the U.S. bought 30,000 square miles of land in the southwest (southern New Mexico and Arizona) from Mexico.
  • Smallpox vaccinations were made compulsory in England.

1856

Family Event

  • Friedrich Francis Bernhard Fiegenbaum & Anna Katherine Elizabeth Dammerman married on 27 March at Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

World Event

  • 40,000-year-old human remains were discovered in the Neanderthal valley in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
  • Sacking of Lawrence, Kansas, USA in May; part of ani- & pro-slavery violence in Kansas Territory & western Missouri (1854-1858).
  • Gail Borden, Jr. (1801-1874) received a U.S. patent for condensed milk, an important field ration for U.S. soldiers in the Civil War.
  • In May, Congressman Preston Brooks (South Carolina) beat Senator Charles Sumner (Massachusetts) with a cane in the U.S. Senate.
  • Booker T. Washington was born in April (died in 1915).

1857

Family Event

  • Christina Sophia Elizabeth Fiegenbaum & Ernest W. Langebrake married on 7 May at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. Their six oldest children were born at Ladbergen; the two youngest were born near Holland, Indiana, USA.

World Event

  • Sepoy Rebellion began in India.
  • On 6 March, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sandford that people of African descent brought into the United States & held as slaves were not protected by the Constitution & could never be U.S. citizens; that the U.S. Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories; that because slaves were not citizens, they could not sue in court; and, that slaves, as chattels or private property, could not be taken away from their owners without due process.
  • Elisha Otis installed the first elevator in the U.S. on 23 March.

1858

Family Event

  • George Jacob Gerber & Franziska Müller married in the Grand Duchy of Baden.
  • Ernest Friedrich Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Sophia Elisabeth Berelmann married on 22 October at Ladbergen, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia. They immigrated in 1869 to the Empire of Brazil.

World Event

  • Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state of the USA.
  • Pike's Peak Gold Rush began in U.S. west.
  • French warships attacked & occupied Da Nang in Vietnam.
  • Max Planck was born.
  • Oregon was admitted as the 33rd state of the USA.
  • Theodore Roosevelt was born.

1860

Family Event

  • Heinrich Rudolph Fiegenbaum & Elizabeth Ann Krümpel married on 28 January at Colesburg, Iowa, USA. This was Heinrich's 1st marriage.
  • Christina Elizabeth Fiegenbaum & Heinrich Wilhelm Katter married on 26 July in the Kingdom of Prussia.

World Event

  • 8th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 June. The population of 33 states was 31,443,321 (a 35.6% increase since 1850).The population of major cities: New York = 813,669; Philadelphia = 565,529; Brooklyn = 266,661; Baltimore = 212,418.
  • Garibaldi captured Sicily & Naples.
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected 16th U.S. President
  • Pony Express began overland mail service in the USA between St. Joseph, Missouri & Sacramento, California - a distance of 1,900 miles.

1861

Family Event

  • Conrad Thoma, grandfather of Charlotte Caroline Christine Brockmeyer, was wounded on 21 July at the Battle of Bull Run in the U.S. Civil War.

World Event

  • Emancipation of Russian serfs.
  • The Confederate State of America was formed in Montgomery, Alabama. Civil War began in USA.
  • Telegraph line opened between New York & San Francisco.
  • Kansas was admitted as the 34th state of the USA.
  • West Virginia broke away from the state of Virginai and was admitted as the 35th state of the USA.

1862

Family Event

  • Louis T. S. Fiegenbaum & Luella Shumway married on 15 February at Auburn, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • Bismarck became Prussian Prime Minister.
  • U.S. Congress authorized first federal bank notes ("greenbacks").
  • Homestead Act of 1862 became law in USA on 20 May. Successful applicants received freehold title to land, typically 160 acres, of undeveloped federal land west of the Mississippi River.
  • U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September.

1864

World Event

  • At the end of November in Colorado territory, USA, a village of Cheyennes and Araphos camped near Sand Creek was attacked by members of the territorial military. At least 150-200 villagers, mainly women & children, were massacred. Many bodies were mutilated & body parts were put on public display by the soldiers.
  • Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his troops massacred approximately 300 African-American military prisoners, women & children at Fort Pillow, Tennesse, USA.
  • Union General William Tecumseh Sherman and his troops marched through Georgia creating a swath of destruction.
  • Austria and Prussia declared war on Denmark.

1866

World Event

  • Der Deutsche Evangelische Kirchenverein des Westens (The German Evangelical Church Society of the West) became Die Deutsche Evangelische Synode des Westens (The German Evangelical Synod of the West).
  • A cholera epidemic struck many U.S. cities. At the height of the epidemic, about 200 people died each day at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

1869

Family Event

  • Ernest Friedrich Wilhelm & Sophia Elisabeth (Berelmann) Fiegenbaum & five children, aged 15 years to 1 year of age, immigrated to the Empire of Brazil. The family settled in Linha Schmidt, a rural neighborhood in Colônia Teutônia, Rio Grande do Sul. Colônia Teutônia was established in 1858 by German immigrants from the region of Westphalia, Germany. Since 1996, the rural neighborhood is part of the town of Westfália.

World Event

  • Completion of U.S. transcontinental railroad celebrated at Promontory, Utah on 10 May.
  • The Suez Canal, connecting the Mediterranean and Red Seas, opened.
  • Louis Riel led the Red River Rebellion in Canada.
  • Wyoming Territory was the first political entity in the USA to allow women to vote.

1870

World Event

  • 9th U.S. census was conducted. The population of 37 states was 38,558,371 (a 26.6% increase since 1860). The population of major cities: New York = 942,292; Philadelphia = 674,022; Brooklyn = 396,099; St. Louis = 310,864.
  • In USA, the National Weather Service issued its first weather forecast on 1 November. The forecast warned of a windy day in Chicago. Current forecasts remain just as accurate.
  • Franco-Prussian War began.
  • First Vatican Council promulgates the doctrine of papal infallibility.
  • In USA, John D. Rockefeller incorporated the Standard Oil Company. In 1911, the U.S. Supreme Court declared Standard Oil an "unreasonable monopoly."

1871

World Event

  • The German Evangelical Proseminary was established at Elmhurst, Illinois, USA. In 1919, the name was changed to Elmhurst Academy & Junior College. It is now known as Elmhurst College. Rev. J.W. Fiegenbaum taught at the college from 1954 to 1962.
  • "The Great Chicago Fire" burned from 8-10 October; 4 square miles (10 square kilometers) of the city were destroyed.

1872

Family Event

  • Wilhelmine Christine Elizabeth Fiegenbaum & Matthew Sexauer married on 13 June at Ankeny, Iowa, USA.

World Event

  • U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed legislation designating Yellowstone the first national park on 1 March.
  • U.S. General Amnesty Act of 1872 on 23 May pardoned most ex-Confederate soldiers.

1873

Family Event

  • Caroline Katherine "Carrie" Fiegenbaum & Johann Carl Conrad Steinmetz married on 30 October in Holt County, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Germany adopts the Mark as unit of currency.
  • Epidemics of yellow fever, cholera & smallpox in many southern U.S. cities.
  • In United States v. Cook, the Supreme Court ruled that Native American tribes must obtain permission from the U.S. government before cutting timber on tribal lands unless the cutting is meant to clear land for farming.

1874

Family Event

  • Frederick Adolph Fiegenbaum & Amelia Maria Kriege married on 27 March in Madison County, Illinios, USA. This was Frederick Adolph's 1st marriage.

World Event

  • Severe frost at Ladbergen, Germany destroyed potato crop.
  • Civil marriage became compulsory in Germany.

1875

Family Event

  • Wilhelmine Florentine Fiegenbaum & Heinrich Friedrich Christian Winter married on 27 August in Warren County, Missouri, USA. This was a 1st marriage for both. Following Wilhelmine Florentine's death, Heinrich Friedrich Christian Winter would marry her sister.

World Event

  • Religious orders were abolished in Prussia.
  • Matthew Webb was the first human to swim English Channel (21 hours, 45 minutes).

1876

Family Event

  • Katharine Adeline Henrietta Fiegenbaum & Wilhelm Heinrich Duesing married on 30 August at Waymansville, Indiana, USA.

World Event

  • Sioux & Cheyenne warriors defeated Lt. Colonel George A. Custer & the 7th U.S. Cavalry in June at the Battle of Little Bighorn River (know to Native Americans as the Battle of Greasy Grass).
  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by "Mark Twain" (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) was published.
  • Alexander G. Bell received a U.S. patented for the telephone. Cellular coverage was pathetic.
  • Colorado became the 38th state in the USA on 1 August.

1877

Family Event

  • Wilhelmine Louise Fiegenbaum & Hans Hermann August Starkebaum married on 9 March at Holstein, Missouri, USA. This was a 1st marriage for Wilhelmine Louise & a 2nd marriage for Hans Hermann August.

World Event

  • Die Deutsche Evangelische Synode des Westens (The German Evangelical Synod of the West) became Die Deutsche Evangelische Synode von Nord-Amerika (German Evangelical Synod of North America).
  • In March, St. Louis formally ceded from St. Louis County & became an independent city.
  • Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • Frozen meat was shipped from Argentina to Europe for the first time.
  • Thomas Edison demonstrated the phonograph at the offices of the "Scientific American" on 7 December.

1878

Family Event

  • Heinrich Rudolph Fiegenbaum & Maria Elisabeth Hellweg married on 27 January at Charles City, Iowa, USA. This was Heinrich's 2nd marriage.

World Event

  • Yellow fever epidemic killed about 14,000 in southern USA.
  • Great Britain & Afghanistan went to war.

1880

Family Event

  • Adolph Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Margaret McKee married on 11 July in Story County, Iowa, USA.
  • George Adolph Fiegenbaum & Anna Birdsall Bradrick married on 20 October at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, USA.

World Event

  • 10th U.S. census was conducted on 1 June. For the first time, women were permitted to be enumerators. The population of 38 states was 50,189,209 (a 26% increase over 1870). The population of major cities: New York = 1,206,299; Philadelphia = 847,170; Brooklyn = 566,663; Chicago = 503,185.

1881

Family Event

  • Lydia Maria Fiegenbaum & Francis Irwin Howard married on 27 February at Des Moines, Iowa, USA.
  • Lizette Clara Fiegenbaum & Frederick Franklin Neudorff married on 14 September at St. Joseph, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Poor harvest in Westphalia, Prussia brought famine.
  • Flogging was abolished in the British Army & Navy.
  • Booker T. Washington opened the Tuskegee Institute (today's Tuskegee University) on 4 July at Tuskegee, Alabama, USA.
  • Famous gunfight occurred in October at the OK Corral at Tombstone, Ariziona, USA. There are still questions about what really happened.
  • International population counts: India = 253 million; London = 3.3 million; Paris = 2.2 million; Berlin = 1.1 million; Vienna = 1 million; Tokyo = 800,000; Petersburg = 600,000.

1882

Family Event

  • Edward William Fiegenbaum & Julia B. Gillespie married on 15 May in Madison County, Illinois, USA. This was Edward William's 1st marriage.
  • George Louis Gerber & Charlotte Elisabetha Etling married on 19 October at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Chinese Exclusion Act barred emigration from China to the USA for 10 years. The federal law was renewed in 1892 & made permanent in 1902. It was not repealed until 1943 by the Magnuson Act.
  • First Labor Day celebration held at New York City, USA.
  • Town of Elmhurst, Illinois, USA incorporated.

1883

Family Event

  • William Frederick Fiegenbaum & Emma Wilhelmina Louisa Duesing married on 21 February at Fairview, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • Germany introduced sickness, accident & old age insurances.
  • U.S. reduced postal rate to 2¢ per half ounce.
  • Brooklyn Bridge opened in New York, USA on 24 May.

1884

Family Event

  • Amelia Bertha Fiegenbaum & Charles Frederic Blume married on 22 April at Galena, Illinois, USA.
  • Martha Lizette Fiegenbaum & Clay Hardin Lynch married on 20 May at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • Church at Holstein, Missouri, USA changed its name on 1 January to Deutsche Evangelische Immanuels Kirche (German Evangelical Immanuels Church). There was another name change in 1934.
  • Mark Twain published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

1885

Family Event

  • Christina Wilhelmina "Mina" Fiegenbaum & Thomas Curry married on 18 February at St. Joseph, Missouri, USA.
  • Lydia Mary Fiegenbaum & Adolph Henry C. Jacoby married on 9 November in Christian County, Illinois, USA.
  • Louis Theodore Stephan Fiegenbaum & Luella May Shumway married about 1885 at Geneva, Nebraska, USA.

World Event

  • Louis Pasteur & Emile Roux developed the first rabies vaccination.
  • Washington Monument was dedicated at Washington, D.C. on 21 February (cornerstone had been laid on 4 July 1848). It would open to the public in 1888.
  • Statue of Liberty arrived in July in New York harbor from France (dedication was on 28 October 1886).
  • Canadian Pacific Railroad completed.

1886

Family Event

  • Ernst Heinrich Fiegenbaum & Johanna Wilhelmine Maria Driemeyer married on 13 August at Teutônia, Rio Grande do Sul, Empire of Brazil.
  • Emma Maria Fiegenbaum & Jacob Miller married on 15 September at Eudora, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • Haymarket Affair in Chicago, Illinois in May - civil unrest when police attempted to suppress protests against labor practices.
  • Emily Dickinson died at Amherst, Massachusetts, on 15 May.

1887

Family Event

  • Emma Lorena Fiegenbaum & John D. Allen married in September in the USA.

World Event

  • Queen Victoria celebrated her Golden Jubilee.
  • Yellow River overflowed in Honan, China; 900,000+ dead.
  • Erwin Schrödinger was born. The cat came later.

1889

Family Event

  • Julius Henry Fiegenbaum & Sophia Elizabeth Pitts married on 11 September at Alton, Illinois, USA.
  • Theodore Johann Fiegenbaum & Nellie M. Erlenborn married on 11 September at Mendota, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • In USA, the "Oklahoma Land Rush" began officially at noon, 22 April. Approximately 50,000 would-be settlers rushed to claim 1.92 million acres of land previously given to Native American peoples.
  • The USA admitted new states to the union: North & South Dakota on 2 November; Montana on 8 November; & Washington on 11 November.
  • Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil was deposed; a republic was declared. A new constitution was adopted in 1891 creating the Republic of the United States of Brazil / República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil.

1890

Family Event

  • Oscar Bernhardt Henry Fiegenbaum & Dora Fischer married on 17 August at Columbus, Indiana, USA. This was Oscar's 1st marriage.
  • Edward William Fiegenbaum & Mary Emma Springer married on 11 June in Madison County, Illinois, USA. This was Edward William's 2nd marriage.
  • Maria Charlotte Fiegenbaum & Heinrich Frederick Wilhelm Nolte married on 30 October at Mayview, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • 11th U.S. census was conducted 1 June. The population of 42 states was 62,979,766 (a 25.5% increase over 1880). The population of major cities: New York = 1,515,301; Chicago = 1,099,850; Philadelphia = 1,046,964; Brooklyn = 806,343; St. Louis = 451,770. Almost all of this census was destroyed in 1921 by a fire in the Commerce Building in Washington, D.C.
  • In December, U.S. troops massacred 200 Sioux at the Battle of Wounded Knee in South Dakota, USA.
  • Ladybird beetles (ladybugs) were imported from Australia into U.S. to control the "attack" of cottony cushion scale insects on citrus trees in California.
  • How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis documented with photographs the horrible living conditions faced by immigrants living in New York City's tenements.
  • Wyoming & Idaho were admitted in July as the 43rd & 44th states of the USA.

1892

Family Event

  • Emelie Anna Maria Fiegenbaum & Johann Christian George Meyer married on 17 April at Old Fairview, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • Cyclone struck Kansas, USA - 31 die, 2 towns destroyed.
  • Boll weevils infested U.S. cotton fields.
  • The vacuum flask (thermos) was invented by Sir James Dewar.
  • Ellis Island Immigration Station began processing immigrants to the U.S. on 1 January.

1893

Family Event

  • Wilhelm Friedrich Fiegenbaum & Henriette Caroline Amelia Starkebaum married on 19 October at Higginsville, Missouri, USA.
  • Benjamin Friedrich Fiegenbaum & Myrtle Maud Darling married on 20 December 1893 at Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • Fridtjof Nansen began northern polar circumnavigation in the ship Fram (1893-1896).
  • World Columbian Exposition at Chicago, Illinois between 1 May 1 & 30 October attracted more than 25 million visitors.
  • On 20 September, the Duryea Brothers road-tested the first, American-made, gasoline-powered automobile at Springfield, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Ice hockey was introduced into U.S. from Canada at Yale & John Hopkins Universities.
  • Dvorak composed Symphony No.9 (From the New World ).

1897

Family Event

  • Charles Herman Fiegenbaum & Pauline Nehls married on 22 July at Platteville, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm Fiegenbaum & Lisete Florina Schröer married on 25 September in the Republic of the United States of Brazil. Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm had previously been married to Catharine Lisete Trennepohl in Brazil; details of that marriage are not known at this time.

World Event

  • Queen Victoria celebrated her Golden Jubilee.

1899

Family Event

  • Friedrich Hermann Adolph Fiegenbaum & Maria Friederieke Apwisch married on 8 March in Lafayette County, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Boer War began.
  • First Peace Conference was held at The Hague.
  • Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams was published. Life has been a nightmare ever since.

1900

Family Event

  • Adelaide Katherine Fiegenbaum & Fred J. Vetsch married on 14 March in Hancock County, Iowa, USA.
  • Heinrich F. Fiegenbaum & Nellie Blanche Montgomery married on 3 October at Oregon, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • 12th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 June. The population of 45 states was 76,212,168 (a 21% increase over 1890). The population of major cities: New York = 3,437,202; Chicago = 1,698,575; Philadelphia = 1,293,697; St. Louis = 575,238; Boston = 560,892.
  • Life expectancy in U.S. was 48 years for males & 51 years for females.
  • Boxer Uprising in China.
  • First test flight of the dirigible Zeppelin.
  • World Exhibition in Paris.
  • Kodak introduced the "Brownie" camera in February.

1901

Family Event

  • Wilhelm Edward Fiegenbaum & Maude Mary Montgomery married on 8 October at Oregon, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Theodore Roosevelt became 26th U.S. President.
  • Marconi inaugurated wireless telegraphy.
  • Cause of yellow fever discovered.
  • U.S. military rule of Philippine Islands ended; a civil government was formed.
  • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty between U.S. and Britain allowed USA to build, operate & fortify a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Did anyone ask the Panamanians?

1902

Family Event

  • William Theodore Fiegenbaum & Lydia A. Stolte married on 5 February at Edwarsville, Illinois, USA.
  • Minnie O. Fiegenbaum & Theodore C. Prott married on 12 March in Madison County, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • Boer War ended; Orange Free State became a British Crown Colony. About 10,000 died in the fighting.
  • Langston Hughes was born on 1 February at Joplin, Missouri, USA.

1903

Family Event

  • Frederick Adolph Fiegenbaum & Fredericka Wilhelmine Sophia (Ashauer) Figge married on 3 January in Madison County, Illinios, USA. This was a 2nd marriage for both.

World Event

  • In January, the Hay-Herran Treaty granted the United States a renewable lease in perpetuity from Colombia on the land proposed for the Panama Canal.
  • Orville and Wilbur Wright took a short trip with their airplaine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, USA, on 17 December. Their luggage was "misplaced."
  • In Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that as the U.S. Congress was the legal guardian of the Kiowa people, it had the right to decide matters with consultation of the Kiowa. The confiscation two years earlier of 2 million acres of tribal land was allowed to stand.

1904

Family Event

  • John Henry Francis Fiegenbaum & Friedericka Elsie "Frieda" Brockhoff married on 10 February at Jonesville, Indiana, USA.
  • Oscar Bernhardt Henry Fiegenbaum & Sophia Tellman married on 21 April in Bartholomew County, Indiana, USA. This was Oscar's 2nd marriage.

World Event

  • Russo-Japanese War began.
  • Baltimore, Maryland fire on 7 February destroyed 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
  • First perfect major league baseball game in the "modern era" was pitched by Cy Young.
  • World Exhibition was held t St. Louis, Missouri.
  • A New York policeman arrested a woman for smoking a cigarette in public.

1905

Family Event

  • Elsie Arnbella Fiegenbaum & Aaron L. Eaton married on 25 January 1905 in Franklin County, Washington, USA.
  • Adeline Anna Sophia Fiegenbaum & Wilbur Henry Campsey married on 15 February 1905 at Fairview, Kansas, USA.
  • George Edward Fiegenbaum & Margaret Dippold married on 8 August at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • First neon lights sighted.
  • Novocain was introduced.
  • First direct blood transfusion.
  • Einstein published his Special Theory of Relativity.
  • United States Forest Service was established on 1 February.

1906

Family Event

  • Martha Charlotte Fiegenbaum & Julius Simon Vahrenberg married in Lafayette County, Missouri, USA.
  • August Hermann Karl Fiegenbaum & Emma Johanna "Emma Jane" Apwisch married on 16 May in Missouri, USA. This was August's 1st marriage.

World Event

  • Zuider Zee drainage program began.
  • San Francisco was struck by an earthquake at 5:12 a.m. on 18 April.
  • Roald Amundsen traversed the Northwest Passage in Gjøa.
  • U.S. civil & women's rights leader Susan B. Anthony died on 31 March.

1908

Family Event

  • Friedricke Wilhelmine Fiegenbaum & Ernst C. Brinkmann married on 20 August in Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Henry Ford began production in the U.S. of the Model T automobile. Initial cost of $850 dropped to $310 in 1926.
  • The Sullivan Ordinance was was made law in the City of New York, prohibiting women from smoking in pubic.

1909

Family Event

  • Bertha Fiegenbaum & Oscar L. Sooy married in Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in February.
  • The U.S. Mint introduced the "Lincoln Head" penny, replacing the "Indian-head" penny.
  • 700,000 acres of government land in Washington, Montana, and Idaho, USA was opened for settlement.

1910

Family Event

  • David William Fiegenbaum & Rebecca Charlotte Springer married on 26 March at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • 13th U.S. census was conducted officially on 15 April. The population of 46 states was 92,228,496 (a 21% increase since 1900). The population of major cities: New York = 4,766,883; Chicago = 2,185,283; Philadelphia = 1,549,008; St. Louis = 687,029.
  • John A. "Jack" Johnson out-boxed James J. Jeffries; race riots broke out across USA.
  • First commercial air freight plane flight in USA - from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio.
  • Pneumonic plague in China, killed 40,000+.
  • Samuel Langhorne Clemens (a.k.a. Mark Twain) died on 21 April.

1912

Family Event

  • Dora Amelia Fiegenbaum & William F. Middendorf married on 17 April at Fairview, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • HMS Titanic struck an iceberg on 14 April; 1,500+ lives lost.
  • In March, the world learned that on 14 December 1911 Raold Amundsen & his team were the first humans to reach the South Pole.
  • New Mexico & Arizona admitted as the 47th & 48th states of the USA.
  • Bread & Roses Strike at Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA after wages of textile workers are cut.
  • Boston Red Sox won World Series at the new Fenway Park.
  • James Francis "Jim" Thorpe, a Native American from Oklahoma's Sac & Fox Nation, won gold medals in the pentathlon & decathlon during the 1912 Olympic Games in Sweden.

1913

Family Event

  • Mabel Belle Fiegenbaum & John Trimpe married on 2 March at Fairview, Kansas, USA.
  • Grace Gertrude Fiegenbaum & George Wood Merwin Vinal married on 19 November at Washington, D.C.
  • Inez Maude Fiegenbaum & Arthur Ernest Ewing married in December in Nebraska, USA.

World Event

  • The world learned that Scott & 4 other members of his team had died in 1912 attempting to be the first to the South Pole.
  • Albert Schweitzer established a hospital at Lambaréné, French Equatorial Africa (now the Gabonese Republic).
  • Ford Motor Co. set up moving assembly line in USA. Workers received $5-per-hour minimum wage and worked a 40-hour week.
  • 16th Amendment to U.S. Constitution established a federal income tax.
  • 17th Amendment to U.S. Constitution established the direct election of U.S. Senators.
  • California Alien Land Law of 1913 (also known as the Webb-Haney Act) prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or holding long-term leases for such land. Directed towards Japanese immigrants, it also affected immigrants from China, India & Korea. This & similar laws were not invalidated until 1952.

1914

Family Event

  • Charles Henry Fiegenbaum & Josephine Fern Barber married in Illinois, USA.
  • Rudolph Edward Dwight Fiegenbaum & Bertha Amanda Preas married on 17 January at Fruitvale, Oregon, USA.
  • Helen Mary Fiegenbaum & William Amos Sawtell married on 27 June at Chicago, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • The first official transit of the Panama Canal occurred in August. The 40 mile structure had cost about $365 million to build.
  • World War I started between the Allies and Central Powers.
  • Ernest Schackleton led a British expedition to Antarctica.
  • The last known passenger pigeon died in the Cincinnati (Ohio) Zoo.

1917

Family Event

  • Carl Frederich Fiegenbaum & Anna Rennetta Kruse married on 3 June at Hiawatha, Kansas, USA.
  • Martin Herman Fiegenbaum & Clara Louise Drewel married on 6 June at Lexington, Missouri, USA.
  • Clara Marguerite Fiegenbaum & Homer E. Lidster married on 4 June at Chicago, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • Balfour Declaration by Britain.
  • Russian Revolution.
  • On 6 April, USA declared war on Germany & entered World War I. Congress passed Selective Service Act, creating a military draft; canceled in November 1918.
  • Registered motor vehicles in U.S. numbered 4.8 million; 1.7 million cars built that year - avg. price = $750.

1918

Family Event

  • Emma Florentine Fiegenbaum & August Henry Begemann married on 6 March in Lafayette County, Missouri, USA.
  • Elsie Anna Dora Fiegenbaum & Ivan Ivory Cook married on 2 July at Columbus, Indian, USA.

World Event

  • Russian Civil War. Czar & family executed
  • World War I ended - 8.5 million dead, 21.2 million wounded, 7.75 million missing or POWs.
  • 1918 flu (Spanish Flu) pandemic, involving the H1N1 influenza virus, from June 1918 to December 1920; between 50 & 100 million died worldwide.

1919

Family Event

  • Eugene Adolph Gerber & Anna Charlotte Springmeyer married on 15 November at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
  • August Hermann Karl Fiegenbaum & Lydia Werges married on 3 December at Truxton, Missouri, USA. This was August's 2nd marriage..
  • Edna Fiegenbaum & Albert Ward McCally married on 25 December at Dayton, Ohio, USA.

World Event

  • League of Nations established.
  • Mussolini founded Italian Fascist party.
  • Austria abolished death penalty.
  • Weimar Republic established in Germany.
  • 18th Amendment to U.S. constitution was ratified on 16 January. The "Prohibition" of the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors" in the United States went into effect on 17 January 1920 & would last until 1933.

1920

Family Event

  • Louis August Gerber & Charlotte Caroline Christine Brockmeyer married on 3 July at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
  • Wilhelmine Louise (Fiegenbaum) Starkebaum & Heinrich Friedrich Christian Winter married on 20 October in Missouri, USA. This was a 2nd marriage for both.

World Event

  • 14th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 January. The population of 48 states was 106,021,537 (a 15% increase over 1910). The population of major cities: New York = 5,620,048; Chicago = 2,701,705; Philadelphia = 1,823,779; Detroit = 993,078.
  • Kapp Putsch took place in Berlin.
  • Olympic Games held at Antwerp.
  • 19th Amendment to U.S. constitution was ratified on 18 August. It prohibited sex-based restrictions on voting.

1921

Family Event

  • Frances Louise Fiegenbaum & Rueben J. Claussen married on 12 July at Springfield, Nebraska, USA.

World Event

  • Race Riot took place at Tulsa, Oklahoma.
  • Sacco & Vanzetti were convicted of murder in Massachusetts.
  • Emergency Quota Act in USA established national quotas limiting immigration.
  • USA formally ended World War I.
  • Hyperinflation was rampant in Germany.
  • Weimar Republic made first payment of WWI reparations.
  • Adolf Hitler became Führer of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (Nazi Party).

1922

Family Event

  • Bertha Clara Fiegenbaum & Harvey Pope Harris married on 15 November at Alton, Illinois, USA.

1923

Family Event

  • Roberta Grace Fiegenbaum & Clyde William Martin married on 2 June at Sidney, Iowa, USA.

World Event

  • Hitler's "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich. 1 U.S. dollar = 4 million German Marks.
  • Martial law declared in Oklahoma, USA in response to Ku Klux Klan.

1924

Family Event

  • John Henry Fiegenbaum & Katherine Margarete Maun married on 14 May at Mayview, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Immigration Act of 1924 set racial quotas in US; restricted immigration of Southern & Eastern Europeans, & East Asians & Asian Indians.
  • Tornado in USA destroyed 35 towns in Illinois, Indiana, Tennessee, Kentucky & Missouri; 800 dead, 3000 injured, 15,000 homeless.
  • Indian Citizenship Act (Snyder Act ), granting full U.S. citizenship to all Native Americans, was signed into law on 2 June.

1925

World Event

  • Die Deutsche Evangelische Synode von Nord-Amerika (German Evangelical Synod of North America) became the Evangelical Synod of North America.
  • In July, John Thomas Scopes was put on trial in Tennessee for teaching the theory of evolution in the public schools of Dayton.

1926

Family Event

  • Dorothy Wilhelmina Fiegenbaum & George Onek married on 22 May at Atchison, Kansas, USA.
  • Frances Montgomery Fiegenbaum & Lloyd Frederick "Pop" Klein married on 3 August at Geneva, Nebraska, USA.

World Event

  • First flights by airship & plane over the North Pole.
  • Permanent wave, for hair styles, was invented.
  • Robert Goddard launched first liquid fueled rocket.
  • Ernest Hemingway published The Sun Also Rises.

1929

Family Event

  • Paul George Fiegenbaum & Birdie Marie Burwell married at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA. This was Paul's 1st marriage.

1930

Family Event

  • Elmer Henry Fiegenbaum & Erna J. Mulach married on 14 December at Worden, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • 15th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 April. The population of 48 states was 123,202,624 (a 16.2% increas over 1920). The population of major cities: New York = 6,930,446; Chicago = 3,376,438; Philadelphia = 1,950,961; Detroit = 1,568,662.
  • Richard Drew, of 3M, invented "Scotch Tape."

1931

Family Event

  • Edwin Friedrich Fiegenbaum & Lucille Marie Caroline Rinne married on 31 January at Mayview, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • Empire State Building completed at New York.
  • Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion.
  • German banks collapsed.
  • U.S. unemployment reached 20-25%.

1932

Family Event

  • Bruce Otto Fiegenbaum & Ruby Marguerite Sullins married on 4 June at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.

1933

Family Event

  • Berniece Luetta Fiegenbaum & Gus Papados married on 29 August at St. Joseph, Missouri, USA. This was Berniece's 1st marriage.

1934

World Event

  • Evangelical Synod of North America merged with the Reformed Church in the United States to become the Evangelical & Reformed Church.
  • On 26 June 1934, the church at Holstein, Missouri changed its name to Immanuels Evangelical & Reformed Church.

1935

Family Event

  • Eugene D. Fiegenbaum & Adele Rotter married on 21 May.

1940

Family Event

  • Julia Evans Fiegenbaum & John Aubrey Brockway married on 1 June at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.
  • Norman Charles Fiegenbaum & Mary K. Fagg married on 20 July at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.
  • Richard Frederick Fiegenbaum & Alvena Anna Bandermann married on 4 August at Mayview, Missouri, USA.
  • Elizabeth Jane "Libby" Fiegenbaum married Richard Stephen Rodems on 28 September at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.

World Event

  • 16th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 April. The population of 48 states was 132,164,569 (a 7.3% increase over 1930). The population of major cities: New York = 7,454,995; Chicago = 3,396,808; Philadelphia = 1,931,334; Detroit = 1,623,452.

1943

Family Event

  • Cecil Frederich Fiegenbaum & LoRee Brock married on 3 July in Arizona, USA. This was Cecil's 1st marriage.
  • Rebecca Charlotte "Becky" Fiegenbaum & John Gilpin Allen married on 4 August at Edwardsville, Illinois, USA.
  • William Edward Fiegenbaum, II & Alice Louise Steffgen married on 15 November at Medford, Oregon, USA.

World Event

  • Siege of Leningrad lifted. Allies invaded Sicily; began round-the-clock bombing of Ruhr area of Germany.
  • Polio epidemic in USA killed 1,151.
  • Jacques Cousteau invented the aqualung.

1944

Family Event

  • Berniece Luetta (Fiegenbaum) Papados & Claude Francis Scott married on 1 June at St. Joseph, Missouri, USA. This was Berniece's 2nd marriage.

1945

Family Event

  • William Henry "Willie" Fiegenbaum & Anna Marie Koch married on 22 August in Lafayette County, Missouri, USA.

1947

Family Event

  • Mary Maxine Fiegenbaum & James H. Wilson married on 16 February at Hiawatha, Kansas, USA.

World Event

  • Charles Yeager broke the sound barrier on 14 October in the experimental Bell X-1 at Mach 1.

1949

Family Event

  • Cecil Frederich Fiegenbaum & Will Mason "Billie" Prince married on 11 December at Shreveport, Louisiana, USA. This was a 2nd marriage for both of them.

World Event

  • Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell was published.

1950

Family Event

  • Dorothy Lorraine Fiegenbaum & Richard Quentin Riekhof married on 5 May at Mayview, Missouri, USA.

World Event

  • 17th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 April. The population of 48 states was 151,325,798 (a 14.5% increase over 1940) The population of major cities: New York = 7,891,957; Chicago = 3,620,962; Philadelphia = 2,071,605; Los Angeles = 1,970,358.
  • Town of Ladbergen, North Rhine-Westphalia, BRD celebrated its 1,000 year anniversary.

1951

Family Event

  • Paul George Fiegenbaum & Mary Gremlin married. This was Paul's 2nd marriage.

World Event

  • The first color television program in the USA was broadcast on 25 June.

1952

Family Event

  • J. W. Fiegenbaum & Dorothy May Gerber married on 8 June at Webster Groves, Missouri, USA.

1953

Family Event

  • Harlan Carl Fiegenbaum & Joanne Louise Meyer married on 14 June at Fairview, Kansas, USA.

1957

World Event

  • In the USA, The Evangelical & Reformed Church & the Congregational Christian Churches merged to form the United Church of Christ.
  • The congregation at Holstein, Missouri changed its name to Immanuels United Church of Christ.
  • Zion Evangelical & Reformed Church at Mayview, Missouri changed its name to Zion United Church of Christ.

1959

World Event

  • Alaska & Hawaii become the 49th & 50th states of the USA.

1960

World Event

  • 18th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 April. The population of 50 states was 179,323,175 (a 18.5% increase over 1950) The population of major cities: New York = 7,781,984; Chicago = 3,550,404; Los Angeles = 2,479,015; Philadelphia = 2,002,512.

1967

Family Event

  • The Fiegenbaum-Gerber family, living at Montreal, Québec, attended Expo 67.

World Event

  • Creation of the Federative Republic of Brazil / República Federativa do Brasil (RFB)
  • On 12 June 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967), invalidated laws prohibiting interracial marriage. Several states maintained anti-miscegenation laws even though the Supreme Court decision rendered them unenforceable. The last of these state laws was removed by ballet initiative in 2000.
  • The World's Fair - Expo 67 - was held at Montreal, Québec, Canada. The U.S. pavilion was a geodesic dome - á la Buckminster Fuller.

1970

World Event

  • 19th U.S. census was conducted officially on 1 April. The population of 50 states was 203,302,031 (a 13.4% increase over 1960) The population of major cities: New York = 7,894,862; Chicago = 3,366,957; Los Angeles = 2,816,061; Philadelphia = 1,948,609.

Sources

In addition to genealogical research into the Fiegenbaum and associated families and the titles found on the Resources page, the following sources have been used in the creation of this timeline:

  • Cowan, Tom & Jack Maguire. Timelines of African-American History. New York: Roundtable Press/Perigee, 1994.
  • Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1968.
  • Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1975, 1979.
  • Hazen-Hammond, Susan. Timelines of Native American History. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1997.
  • Urdang, Laurence, editor. The Timetables of American History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981.
  • U.S. Census Bureau. Fast Facts. May 2011. Accessed August 2011 & 2014.
  • Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Various articles.